Photon Structure
Resolution of the Wave-Particle Duality

Rotating binary positronic and negatronic components generate a wave propagating at the speed of light
(Photon Structure - Resolution of the Wave-Particle Duality, Published Dec. 10, 1979 by Timothy Edward Long)

Matter is formed when the photon (gammaray) energy exceeds Pair Formation threshold energy of 1.0216 MeV

(see Matter from Light graphic on link below).

As photons are guage bosons, photons of this energy have this special "creation" mechanism, where electron mass

and positron mass are created simultaneously.

Some of the pairs recombine in the annihilation process but others would separate into free electrons and positrons

which could act in electric currents, or become atomic components.

Pair Formation of 1.0216 MeV Gammaray

Photon Structure provides a physical mechanism for the propagation of light while describing why a specific wavelength is

associated with a specific quantum of energy.  A dramatic example can be found in the pair formation, or "creation" mechanism

of the 1.0216 MeV ("pair formation threshold") gammaray which will decay into an electron (negatron) and a positron.

Conversely, and even more intriguing, is the "annihilation" process whereby an electron and a positron merge, transforming into

two gammarays, each of one-half threshold gammaray energy and traveling in opposite directions due to conservation of energy

and momentum. These processes alone provide the basic observational proof for the existence of this structural mechanism.

Two oppositely charged particles (positronic and negatronic components, or partons) are attracted by their charges. Plasma

research at Los Alamos, N.M. and other facilities have demonstrated that the oppositely charged particles' forces act at right

angles resulting in a rotational motion that translates linearly. (This, by the way, is the same force that propagates an electron

along a conductor, which provides the oppositely charged component.) The "right-hand rule" interaction of the oppositely charged

particles locks the orbital radius of the pair into a specific wavelength due to the centrifugal force provided by the rotation. Photon

Decay accounts for the universal red shift. Rather than the Big Bang, creation results from anomolous constructive interference

of electromagnetic radiation from the longest wavelength and lowest energy through the spectrum until pair formation creates

beta particles which aggregate into atoms.

 (See Links below and New Atom on next page)